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Citing Articles in ABNT Style

Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas (ABNT) is responsible for maintenance of technical standards in Brazil. ABNT, a private, non-profit organization, which seeks to promote development of technical standardization and is currently the only National Standardization Forum. It is a founding member of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

Note: These are only basic examples of the ABNT style. More detailed information is available through the ABNT Standards Citations and References (online at http://www.leffa.pro.br/textos/abnt.htm#5.16). In addition, a variety of third-party style guides and web sites can provide further assistance.

Always consult your library resources for the exact formatting and punctuation guidelines.

 

Instructions

Names: Last name in capital letters, followed by first initial (s) and other (s) surname (s), shortened or not. When there are two or three authors, the names must be separated by semi-colon, followed by space.

Example:

ADES, L .; KERBAUY, RR. Obesity: reality and indignation. Psychology USP , São Paulo, v. 13, n. 1, p. 197-216, 2002.

Titles: For articles and parts of books, capitalize only the first word, proper nouns, and abbreviations that are ordinarily capitalized. For publications within article citation and books, capitalize the first letter of every major word; italicize publication in article citations and book titles. If journal is used as the title, the title of the publication should be capitalized. Titles and subtitles must be separated by colons.

Example:

FOUCAULT, M. History of Sexuality : The Will to Knowledge. 3 ed. Rio de Janeiro: Grail , 1980.

BRAZILIAN JOURNAL OF MUSIC THERAPY. Rio de Janeiro: Brazilian Union of Associations of Music Therapy , 1996-2001

Dates: The day and year of publication must always be indicated in Arabic numerals. The months must be given in abbreviated form, in the original language of publication. Do not abbreviate words of four or less letters.

Example:

Bertolucci, PHF Dementia in young:. Initial examination and most common causes Psychology : Theory and Practice, São Paulo, v. 2, n. 2, p. 31-42, July / Dec. 2000.

 

Journal Article

Pattern:

SURNAME, GIVEN NAME (abbreviated); SURNAME, GIVEN NAME (abbreviated) Abbreviated title: subtitle (if any). journal name, Place of publication, volume number or issue, pagination, publication of the journal.

Example:

SILVA, VA; ANDRADE, LHC Etinobotânica Xucuru : mystical species. Biotemas , Florianópolis, v. 15, n. 1, p. 45-57, 2002.

 

Newspaper Article

Pattern:

SURNAME, GIVEN NAME abbreviated. Title: subtitle (if any). newspaper name, Place of publication, page, date of publication of the newspaper with the abbreviated month.

Example:

ADES, C. The animals also think, and aware. Jornal da Tarde , Sao Paulo, p. 4D 15 April 2001.

 

Book Chapter

Pattern:

SURNAME, GIVEN NAME abbreviated the author of the chapter. Title: subtitle (if any) of the chapter. In: AUTHOR OF THE BOOK (kind of participation in the work of the author, Org (s), Ed (s) etc. if any). Title of the book : the book's subtitle (if any). Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. paging referring to chapter

Example:

GRIZE, JB genetic psychology and logic. In: BANKS-MILK, L. (Eds.). piagetian routes . São Paulo: Cortez, 1997 p. 63-76.

 

E Book

Pattern:

SURNAME, GIVEN NAME abbreviated . Title . Location (city): publisher, date. Available at: <address>. Accessed on date

Example:

STATE OF SÃO PAULO Manual writing and style. São Paulo, 1997 Available at: <http://www1.estado.com.br/redac/manual.html>. Accessed on May 19, 1998.

 

E Book - chapter

Pattern:

SURNAME, GIVEN NAME abbreviated the author of the chapter. Title: subtitle (if any) of the chapter. In: Author of book (SURNAME GIVEN Name abbreviated . Title . Location (city): publisher, date. Available at: <address>. Accessed on date

Example:

RANDALL, C. Chapter 12: Water and Sewage. Water Economics. Boston Publications: Boston, MA. www.netlibrary.com. Accessed 12 November 2009.

 

Website

Pattern:

[Website or Webpage Title]. [Organization Name] Web site. [URL]. Accessed [Date].

Example:

Rapid Early Action for Coronary Treatment. REACT. Web site. Available at: http://www.epi.umn.edu/react/. Accessed July 19, 2008.

 

Conference Paper

Pattern:

SURNAME GIVEN Name abbreviated . Title: subtitle (if any) Available at: <URL address>. Accessed

Example:

COLLEGE AGRONOMIA FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF RIO GRANDE DO SUL. Manual references. Available at: http://www.ufrgs.br/agronomia/manualcap1.htm . Accessed 20 of GBS. 2002.